The Livingston Survey was started in 1946 by the late columnist Joseph Livingston. It is the oldest continuous survey of economists' expectations. It summarizes the forecasts of economists from industry, government, banking and academia. The Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia took responsibility for the survey in 1990.
Forecasters revise up real GDP Growth for second half of 2020; revise down growth for first half of 2021.
Forecasters strengthen their forecasts for real GDP growth and the unemployement rate.