The Livingston Survey was started in 1946 by the late columnist Joseph Livingston. It is the oldest continuous survey of economists' expectations. It summarizes the forecasts of economists from industry, government, banking and academia. The Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia took responsibility for the survey in 1990. 

SKBI Principal Researcher, Thomas Lam, has been participating in The Livingston Survey as the only Asian voice.


December 2020
Forecasters revise up real GDP Growth for second half of 2020; revise down growth for first half of 2021.

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June 2021
Forecasters strengthen their forecasts for real GDP growth and the unemployement rate. 

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December 2021
Forecasters Revise Down Real GDP Growth for Second Half of 2021; Revise Up Growth for First Half of 2022.

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June 2022
Forecasters Lower Their Forecasts for Real GDP Growth and the Unemployment Rate.

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